Here's a quick reference table for the topics covered in this Rug Finishing FAQ section:
- 1. Finishing Methods: Glues and Adhesives
- 2. Types of Glues: What to Use for Different Pieces
- 3. Covering the Glue: Material Choices
- 4. Trimming and Shaping: Tools and Techniques
- 5. Hanging Your Piece: Options and Methods
1. Finishing Methods: Glues and Adhesives
Sealing your rug is crucial to ensure the threads don't come loose. Popular options include PVA glue, liquid latex, and carpet adhesive. The choice may depend on the type of yarn used and whether the rug is for the floor or wall. For a comprehensive guide, check out Tim Eads' video.
2. Types of Glues: What to Use for Different Pieces
The type of glue you use depends on the intended use of your piece. PVA glue is good for wall hangings, liquid latex for flexible pieces like clothing, and durable adhesives for floor pieces. the way to apply it also differs per glue and how liquid it is. Do not use expensive brushes, they will be likely ruined. The choice often involves some trial and error.
3. Covering the Glue: Material Choices
Once the glue is dry, you may want to cover the back of your piece for aesthetic reasons or added stability and protection. Common materials include felt, cotton canvas, muslin, and linen. We call it secondary backing. The choice depends on where and how the rug will be used.
4. Trimming and Shaping: Tools and Techniques
After tufting, you will probably have a rig that is not very smooth yet. To smooth it out you need to shave it. The most common tool used it the rosewood clipper.
Creating dimension in your rug can be achieved through cutting, shaving, or carving the yarn. Tools range from simple scissors to specialized electric carpet carving scissors. The choice of tool will depend on the level of detail and the budget you have.
5. Hanging Your Piece: Options and Methods
There are various ways to hang your finished rug, depending on its size and weight. Options include mounting it on a wooden frame, sewing hooks into the backing fabric, or creating a loop at the top to hang it like a tapestry. The smart thing here is likely to find a frame first and tuft your artwork based on the size of that frame.