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Manual AK machines

Welcome to the Tufting Gun Manual

Welcome to the manual for the tufting gun! This powerful tool is an essential item for anyone looking to create beautiful, durable, and professional-looking rugs, carpets, and other textiles. Whether you're a professional upholsterer, a DIY enthusiast, or a small business owner, this tufting gun is designed to make your work easier, faster, and more efficient.

Designed to work with a wide range of materials, including wool, cotton, nylon, and even synthetic fibers, the tufting gun allows you to quickly and easily create loops and pile in your chosen fabric. With its simple and intuitive design, this tool is easy to use and is perfect for creating everything from intricate designs to large, solid areas of color.

Our comprehensive manual has been written to guide you through every step of using your tufting gun, from setting it up correctly to selecting the right materials and getting the best results from your work. Whether you're a complete beginner or an experienced user, this manual will help you get the most out of your tufting gun, and create beautiful, high-quality textiles that you can be proud of. So, let's get started!


Safety Notice

To ensure your safety when using this tufting gun, please carefully read and follow the following safety precautions to avoid accidents such as fire, electric shock, and injury:

  • Maintain a clean and dry work area, and avoid using the machine in dark and humid conditions.
  • Keep the machine out of reach of children and untrained individuals.
  • Prior to operating the machine, ensure that the on-off switch is turned off.
  • Before beginning any work with the machine, carefully check that all movable parts are in their correct positions and that the screws of the fixed parts are securely tightened.

By adhering to these safety guidelines, you can help ensure safe and efficient use of the tufting gun, minimizing the risk of accidents and injuries.

Product parameter table

Specification Cut Pile Loop Pile DUO
Input voltage 100V-240V 100V-240V 100V-240V
Output voltage 30V 30V 30V
Power 120W 120W 120W
Frequency 50HZ-60HZ 50HZ-60HZ 50HZ-60HZ
Pile height range 8mm-18mm 6mm-16mm
Tufting Speed 6-30 stitching/sec 6-30 stitching/sec
Net Weight 1.5 kg 1.5 kg 1.5 kg

How to use


Proper maintenance of a tufting gun is important to ensure that it continues to operate smoothly and effectively over time. Here are some recommended maintenance tasks for a tufting gun:

  • Clean the machine regularly: Dust and debris can accumulate in the machine's moving parts, affecting its performance. Regular cleaning with a soft cloth or brush can help keep the machine clean and free of debris.
  • Replace worn or damaged parts: Over time, the machine's parts may become worn or damaged, affecting its performance. Check the machine regularly for signs of wear or damage, and replace any parts as needed to keep the machine running smoothly.
  • Store the machine properly: When not in use, store the tufting gun in a clean, dry place, and cover it to protect it from dust and debris.
  • Oil the machine: Applying a small amount of lubricating oil to the machine's moving parts can help prevent friction and wear, ensuring smoother operation. Consult the manufacturer's instructions for specific recommendations on how to oil your tufting gun. Oil the machine on a regular basis. Each machine has 4 oil holes, and each oil hole drips 3-5 drops of oil. Turn the big gear to make the oil fully lubricate the machine.

oil tufting gun

Apply oil in the holes on the gliders.

Rotate the gear to spread the oil

Connecting the machine

  1. Insert the power cord into the adapter: Locate the power cord that came with your tufting gun and insert one end into the power adapter. The other end of the power cord should have a plug that connects to your wall outlet.
  2. Turn on the machine: Once the power cord and adapter are properly connected, turn on the machine using the on/off switch or button. Test the machine to make sure it is working properly.

  1. Connect the adapter to the machine: Locate the input port on the tufting gun and insert the adapter plug into the port. Make sure the plug is securely inserted and that there are no loose connections. The power indicator lights up after power-on.

Threading the machine

  1. Check whether the power switch is off. Thread the yarn through the coil.

  1. Thread the threader through the needle hole and use the threader to bring the yarn into the needle.

  1. Turn on the power switch. The indicator lights up.

Start tufting

Push the front part of the needle against the cloth. Press hard so that the foot touches the cloth. While working, keep pressing so that the foot keeps contact with the cloth. Now press the start switch. The machine will now start running when you press the trigger. Keep the balance of the electric tool, and start working from bottom to top and from left to right. If you are well practiced, you might try making circles.


The pile height of a tufting gun refers to the length of the tufts or loops that are created by the machine. The pile height varies per machine and whether the machine is cut or loop pile. The adjustments consist of various steps, please be sure to consult the whole chapter and before making any changes, ensure the gun is unplugged.

Step 1: Pile Height Adjustment for the Duo Machine

To adjust the pile height, use the quick switch wheel located on the side of the gun. For pile heights up to 16 millimeters. There are 2 groups of Pile height adjustment holes on the wheel. The first group has 9, 11, 13, 15 mm five heights, the second group has 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 mm five heights (Figure1); Each hole on the wheel represents a pile height. When a certain height is required, place the screw on the positioning hole to the required hole. The machine’s default pile height is set in the first group 14 mm, from the first group.

If you need heights in the second group, move the positioning screw to the required height-holes, then:

  • Turn the positioning screw on the wheel to the bottom End (Figure 2);
  • Loosen the upper eccentric screw (machine parts 20);
  • Rotate the eccentric wheel (machine parts 20) 180 degrees,
  • Tighten the screws again (Figure 3);

After the rotation, the head of the eccentric wheel goes to the front and bottom position screw on the wheel goes to the end (Figure 4);

If you need a 17-18mm pile height firstly adjust the positioning screw on wheel to the number 16, then adjust the tooth on the eccentric (structure drawing 20) to the slot at the front end (this slot is special for 17-18mm)

Step 1: AK-I and AK-II Pile Height Adjustments

Unscrew the screw on the upper bearing rod (machine part 2) and take it off. Rotating the rod (machine part 15) clockwise, will increase the pile height. Rotating it counterclockwise will reduce the pile height. After adjusting to the desired pile height, put the bearing rod back in place and tighten.

Step 2: Adjust the Scissors Closer

After adjusting the pile height, the scissor closer needs to be adjusted (not for the AK-II). Loosen the screw on the scissor closer (machine part 7).

  • Turn the plastic wheel (machine part 32) to turn the scissors to the front.

  • Move the scissors closer down (machine part 5) to close the scissors completely, then tighten the screw (structure picture 7)

Step 3: Adjusting the Scissor Opener

When the pile height is adjusted, the scissors opener also needs to be adjusted.

  • Loosen the screws (machine part 12) on the scissors opener holder, and move the opener holder back by 15mm (Figure 10);

  • Rotate the wheel to make the bearing rod return to the back end (Figure 11);

  • Move the scissors opener holder forward, so that the opener will force the scissors open, then lock the screw on the opener holder (machine part 12), (Figure 12)

Step 4: Adjust the Braking Set

The brake positioning needs to be adjusted when the pile height is adjusted:

  • Turn the bearing rod to the back end. (Figure 13);

  • Make the stopper protrusions (machine part 28) overlap the black brake pads so that the two contact points on the brake pads touch each other (Figure14). When the yarn height increases, it moves backward, and when the yarn height decreases, it moves forward;

First Group Positioning Hole
Positioning Hole Distance between Scissor Mouth & Needle Hole Distance between Protect Bow & Needle Hole Distance between Spot Strip & Scissors Blade
9mm 17-18mm 3-4mm 10-11mm
11mm 18-19mm 3-4mm 12-13mm
13mm 20-21mm 3-4mm 14-15mm
15mm 22-23mm 3-4mm 19-20mm
Second Group Positioning Hole
Positioning Hole Distance between Scissor Mouth & Needle Hole Distance between Protect Bow & Needle Hole Distance between Spot Strip & Scissors Blade
8mm 16-17mm 3-4mm 9-10mm
10mm 17-18mm 3-4mm 11-12mm
12mm 19-20mm 3-4mm 12-14mm
14mm 21-22mm 3-4mm 15-17mm
16mm 25-26mm 3-4mm 20-21mm


In tufting, cut and loop refer to the way the yarn is treated after it is inserted into the backing material. Cut pile and loop pile are the two main types of carpet styles produced through tufting, and they differ in their appearance, texture, and durability.

Cut pile carpets are made by cutting the yarn loops created during tufting, resulting in individual yarn strands standing straight up from the backing. This creates a plush, soft surface.

Loop pile carpets, on the other hand, leave the yarn loops intact, resulting in a surface of continuous loops. This creates a more textured surface that is often more durable and better suited to high-traffic areas.

In summary, the main difference between cut and loop pile in tufting is that cut pile has individual strands of yarn standing upright while loop pile has continuous loops of yarn. Cut pile carpets tend to be softer and more formal-looking while loop pile carpets tend to be more textured and durable.

There are 2 ways to change the machine from cut to loop. The first option is the easy option and the most advised one.


This is the simplest method to changing your machine from cut to loop. You deactivate the scissors by moving the part that makes the scissors cut. The scissors stay open this way and the machine will create a loop effect.

  1. First you loosen this screw.

  1. Next you lift the black Iron Block to the top and then fix the screw.

Watch the video


This is a more complex way of changing between functions in which the scissor inside the machine is replace with the loop head.


  1. Take off the upper screw. And remove the bearing rod from the screw.
  2. Push the slider to the front.
  3. Unscrew the scissors opener.
  4. Flip the scissors opener to the other side.
  5. Turn the gear and push the connecting rod to the front side.
  6. Use a screwdriver to unscrew the scissors.
  7. The scissors can be easily removed from the side with pliers.


Install the Loop Head that came in the box. The scissor opener does not work in Loop pile mode, move it to the back of the rod and fix it. Install the bearing rod. Note that the yarn feeding circle and the gasket above must be installed first. Make sure the circle is in the direction of the needle hole.

For however Loop pile obtained at this time is about 10 millimeters (0.39 inch). If you use 9 millimeters Loop head, Loop half height is 12 millimeters (0.47 inch).

Turn the machine back.

If a lower pile height is required, such as below 7 millimeters (0.28 inch), move the bearing rod below to the round Loop Pole located slot. This will ensure the tufted loop pile is very neat in front and back both sides.

Finally, check the position of a loop head in the needle. Make sure the loop head is in the middle of the needle. Do not scratch the needle when moving back and forth.

The mode change is now complete. Thanks for watching.

Watch the video


Watch the video



There are several potential reasons why the scissors of a tufting gun may not be cutting the yarn:

  • Dull blades: If the blades of the tufting gun are dull, they may not be sharp enough to cut through the yarn. Sharpening or replacing the blades can resolve this issue.
  • Improper alignment: The scissors may not be aligned correctly, preventing them from cutting the yarn efficiently. Adjusting the alignment of the scissors can help.
  • Loose parts: If any parts of the tufting gun are loose, this could affect the operation of the scissors. Tightening any loose parts may solve the problem.
  • Yarn thickness: If the yarn being used is too thick for the tufting gun, the scissors may struggle to cut it. Using a yarn that is suitable for the tufting gun's specifications can address this issue.
  • Tension settings: If the tension settings on the tufting gun are too low, the yarn may not be held tightly enough for the blades to cut through it. Adjusting the tension settings may help resolve the issue.
  • Improper technique: If the user is not using the tufting gun properly, it may be difficult for the blades to cut through the yarn. For example, if the user is not applying enough pressure or is moving the gun too quickly, the blades may not have enough time to cut through the yarn.
  • Maintenance issues: If the tufting gun is not properly maintained, such as if it has become clogged with yarn fibers, this can prevent the blades from cutting through the yarn. Regular cleaning and maintenance of the tufting gun can help prevent this issue.

The Machine Is Not Getting Power

  • Improperly connected or adaptor not working: Please check all the wires and connections and see if the light on the adapter is on.
  • Loose connections: If the tufting gun has loose connections or if the power cord is damaged, this can prevent it from turning on. Check the connections and the power cord to make sure everything is secure and undamaged.
  • Malfunctioning switch: If the switch on the tufting gun is malfunctioning, it may prevent it from turning on. Try toggling the switch a few times to see if this is the issue.

If the problem persists, it may be necessary to seek assistance from our customer service where we are happy to help you solve the issue.

The Machine Is Beeping

This section would provide insights or instructions related to why the machine might be beeping and steps to troubleshoot or resolve the issue.

The Back Stitch Is Uneven Or Inconsistent

  • Uneven pile height: If the pile height of the yarn being used is not consistent, this can result in an uneven stitch. Make sure the yarn being used has a consistent pile height.
  • Uneven yarn tension: If the tension of the yarn being fed into the tufting gun is not consistent, this can cause an uneven stitch. Make sure the tension is adjusted properly and that the yarn is being fed through the gun smoothly.
  • Uneven speed or pressure: If the tufting gun is being moved too quickly or too slowly, or if too much or too little pressure is being applied, this can result in an uneven stitch. Try adjusting the speed and pressure to achieve a more consistent stitch.
  • Clogged or damaged needles: If the needles of the tufting gun are clogged or damaged, this can cause an uneven stitch. Check the needles to make sure they are clean and undamaged.
  • Uneven backing material: If the backing material being used is stretched improperly and therefore not flat or consistent, this can cause an uneven stitch. Make sure the backing material is smooth and consistent.

Common Issues and Solutions

The Machine Is Making Holes In The Cloth

This issue may occur if the needle is set too aggressively or if the fabric is not suitable for the tufting process. Consider adjusting the needle depth or selecting a more durable fabric.

The Yarn Is Not Sticking In The Cloth

Insufficient tension, incorrect yarn type, or inappropriate fabric choice can lead to this issue. Ensure the tension settings are correct, and use yarn and fabric recommended for tufting.

Material Selection


  • Monk's Cloth: A heavy cotton fabric with a loose weave, ideal for embroidery and tufting due to its soft, textured finish and secure tuft holding.
  • Burlap: A coarse, plain-woven fabric made from jute or hemp, known for its strength and durability, suitable for tufting in gardening and landscaping projects.
  • Tufting Cloth: Specifically made for tufting, this fabric offers a durable weave similar to Monk's Cloth but with enhanced tear resistance, often made from polyester or a polyester-cotton mesh.

Choosing the right fabric depends on your project goals and personal preferences. Experimenting with different fabrics and yarns can help you find the best match for your needs.


A tufting gun can accommodate a wide range of yarns. Wool and wool blends are preferred for their softness, resilience, and natural crimp. Cotton offers strength and versatility, while synthetic fibers like nylon or polyester provide a broad spectrum of colors and textures. Medium weight yarns with a tight weave are generally the best choice for tufting.

Secondary Backing and Glue

Finishing the back of a tufted rug with a latex backing ensures durability and longevity. Allow the latex backing to dry completely before cutting the fabric from the frame. Applying a fabric backing with fabric glue adds extra strength. Always use high-quality fabric glue suitable for the materials in your project.

Machine Parts and Names

This section details the various parts of the tufting gun, their names, and their functions, helping you to understand their tool better and perform maintenance or replacements as needed.

Safety & Quality

Our tufting guns are 100% safety and quality certified.

2 year warranty

We offer a 2 year warranty on our tufting guns*

Knowledgeable Staff

Our Knowledgeable Staff is happy to support you in your tufting adventures.